The Evolution of Cities
09:00-11:00, Nov 4 2021, CST; 02:00-04:00, Nov 4 2021, CET; 18:00-20:00, Nov 3 2021, PDT
This presentation describes the formation, growth and changing nature of cities through an energy lens. The phenomenon of urbanization is briefly explained using a biophysical model of the Industrial Revolution, which captures the essential role of energy in urban capital formation. The thermodynamic basis for the growth of cities is reviewed, including their nature as dissipative systems which form higher order structures as they grow in complexity. The energy characteristics of the world’s megacities are reviewed – and potential changes to the nature of cities under electrification and deep decarbonisation are discussed.
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